jl.bib

@inproceedings{agosti_deluca_etal2011,
  author = {Maristella Agosti and Ernesto William {De Luca} and
                  S{\'e}amus Lawless and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Personalised Multilingual Hypertext Retrieval: An Overview},
  booktitle = {The First Workshop on Personalised Multilingual Hypertext
                  Retrieval (PMHR 2011)},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {1--4}
}
@article{agosti_deluca_etal2011b,
  author = {Maristella Agosti and Ernesto William {De Luca} and
                  S{\'e}amus Lawless and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {{PMHR 2011}, The First Workshop on Personalised Multilingual
                  Hypertext Retrieval},
  journal = {SIGIR forum},
  year = 2011,
  volume = 45,
  number = 2,
  pages = {94--98},
  month = {December},
  url = {http://www.sigir.org/forum/2011D/workshops/2011d_sigirforum_agosti.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{aswani_beckers_etal2013,
  author = {Niraj Aswani and Thomas Beckers and Erich Birngruber and
                  C{\'e}lia Boyer and Andreas Burner and Jakub Bystro\v{n} and
                  Khalid Choukri and Sarah Cruchet and Hamish Cunningham and
                  Jan D\v{e}dek and Ljiljana Dolamic and Ren{\'e} Donner and
                  Ond\v{r}ej Du\v{s}ek and Sebastian Dungs and Ivan Eggel and
                  Antonio Foncubierta and Norbert Fuhr and Adam Funk and Alba
                  Garcia Seco de Herrera and Arnaud Gaudinat and Georgi
                  Georgiev and Julien Gobeill and Lorraine Goeuriot and Paz
                  Gomez and Mark A. Greenwood and Manfred Gschwandtner and
                  Allan Hanbury and Jan Haji\v{c} and Jaroslava
                  Hlav{\'a}\v{c}ov{\'a} and Markus Holzer and Gareth Jones and
                  Blanca Jordan and Matthias Jordan and Klemens Kaderk and
                  Franz Kainberger and Liadh Kelly and Sascha Kriewel and
                  Marlene Kritz and Georg Langs and Nolan Lawson and Johannes
                  Leveling and David Mare\v{c}ek and Dimitrios Markonis and
                  Iv{\'a}n Martinez and Vassil Momtchev and Alexandre Masselot
                  and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Mazo and Henning M{\"u}ller and Michal
                  Nov{\'a}k and Johann Petrak and Jo{\~a}o Palotti and Pavel
                  Pecina and Konstantin Pentchev and Deyan Peychev and Natalia
                  Pletneva and Martin Popel and Diana Pottecher and Angus
                  Roberts and Rudolf Rosa and Patrick Ruch and Alexander Sachs
                  and Matthias Samwald and Priscille Schneller and Veronika
                  Stefanov and Ale\v{s} Tamchyna and Miguel Angel Tinte and
                  Zde\v{n}ka Ure\v{s}ov{\'a} and Alejandro Vargas and Dina
                  Vishnyakova},
  title = {Khresmoi {P}rofessional: {M}ultilingual Semantic Search for
                  Medical Professionals},
  booktitle = {Health Search and Discovery: Helping Users and Advancing
                  Medicine, Workshop at SIGIR 2013},
  year = 2013
}
@techreport{brueck_helbig_leveling2008,
  author = {Tim {vor der Br{\"u}ck} and Hermann Helbig and Johannes
                  Leveling},
  title = {The readability checker {D}e{L}ite},
  institution = {Fakult{\"a}t f{\"u}r Mathematik und Informatik,
                  FernUniversit{\"a}t in Hagen},
  year = 2008,
  number = {TR 345-5/2008},
  url = {http://pi7.fernuni-hagen.de/brueck/papers/DeLite_techreport.pdf}
}
@incollection{brueck_leveling07,
  author = {Tim {vor der Br{\"u}ck} and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Parameter Learning for a Readability Checking Tool},
  editor = {Alexander Hinneburg},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the LWA 2007 (Lernen-Wissen-Adaption),
                  Workshop KDML},
  publisher = {Gesellschaft f{\"u}r Informatik},
  year = 2007,
  address = {Halle/Saale, Germany},
  isbn = {978-3-86010-907-6},
  url = {http://pi7.fernuni-hagen.de/brueck/papers/brueck_leveling07.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{cardoso_dornescu_etal2010,
  author = {Nuno Cardoso and Iustin Dornescu and Sven Hartrumpf and
                  Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Revamping Question Answering with a Semantic Approach Over
                  World Knowledge},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2010 LABs and Workshops, Notebook Papers, 22-23
                  September 2010, Padua, Italy},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://clef2010.org/resources/proceedings/clef2010labs_submission_8.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{cieri_choukri_etal2010,
  author = {Christopher Cieri and Khalid Choukri and Nicoletta Calzolari
                  and D. Terence Langendoen and Johannes Leveling and Martha
                  Palmer and Nancy Ide and James Pustejovsky},
  title = {A Road Map for Interoperable Language Resource Metadata},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Seventh conference on International
                  Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10), May 19-21,
                  Valletta, Malta},
  year = 2010,
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari and Khalid Choukri and Bente Maegaard
                  and Joseph Mariani and Jan Odjik and Stelios Piperidis and
                  Mike Rosner and Daniel Tapias},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  pages = {2506--2509},
  url = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2010/pdf/951_Paper.pdf},
  isbn = {2-9517408-6-7}
}
@inproceedings{dinunzio_leveling_mandl2011a,
  author = {Giorgio Maria {Di Nunzio} and Johannes Leveling and Thomas
                  Mandl},
  title = {Multilingual log analysis: {LogCLEF}},
  booktitle = {Advances in Information Retrieval - 33rd European Conference
                  on IR Research, ECIR 2011, Dublin, Ireland, April 18-21,
                  2011. Proceedings},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6611,
  isbn = {978-3-642-20160-8},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-20161-5_68},
  pages = {675--678},
  year = 2011,
  editor = {Paul Clough and Colum Foley and Cathal Gurrin and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones and Wessel Kraaij and Hyowon Lee and Vanessa
                  Murdoch}
}
@inproceedings{dinunzio_leveling_mandl2011b,
  author = {Giorgio Maria {Di Nunzio} and Johannes Leveling and Thomas
                  Mandl},
  title = {{L}og{CLEF} 2011 {M}ultilingual {L}og {F}ile {A}nalysis:
                  {L}anguage Identification, Query Classification, and Success
                  of a Query},
  year = 2011,
  url = {http://clef2011.org/resources/proceedings/Overview_LogCLEF_Clef2011.pdf},
  editor = {Vivien Petras and Pamela Forner and Paul D. Clough},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2011 Labs and Workshop, Notebook Papers, 19-22
                  September 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands}
}
@inproceedings{ganguley_leveling_etal2014b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Automatic Prediction of Aesthetics and Interestingness of
                  Text Passages},
  pages = {905--916},
  year = 2014,
  url = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C/C14/C14-1086.pdf},
  editor = {Jan Hajic and Junichi Tsujii},
  booktitle = {{COLING} 2014, 25th International Conference on
                  Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference:
                  Technical Papers, August 23-29, 2014, Dublin, Ireland},
  publisher = {ACL}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_ganguly_etal2013b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Manisha Ganguly and Johannes Leveling
                  and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Topic{V}is: {A} {GUI} for Topic-based Feedback and
                  Navigation},
  pages = {1103-1104},
  doi = {10.1145/2484028.2484202},
  editor = {Gareth J. F. Jones and Paraic Sheridan and Diane Kelly and
                  Maarten de Rijke and Tetsuya Sakai},
  booktitle = {The 36th International ACM SIGIR conference on research and
                  development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR '13, Dublin,
                  Ireland - July 28 - August 01, 2013},
  year = 2013,
  publisher = {ACM}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2010,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Exploring Sentence level Query Expansion in the Language
                  Model},
  editor = {Dipti Misra Sharma and Rajeev Sangal and Sudeshna Sarkav},
  pages = {18--27},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of ICON-2010: 8th International Conference on
                  Natural Language Processing},
  year = 2010,
  publisher = {Macmillan Publishers, India}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011a,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones
                  and Sauparna Palchowdhury and Sukomal Pal and Mandar Mitra},
  title = {{DCU} and {ISI}@{INEX} 2010: {A}dhoc and Data-Centric
                  Tracks},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {182--193},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-23577-1_16},
  editor = {Shlomo Geva and Jaap Kamps and Ralf Schenkel and Andrew
                  Trotman},
  booktitle = {Comparative Evaluation of Focused Retrieval - 9th
                  International Workshop of the Inititative for the Evaluation
                  of XML Retrieval, INEX 2010, Vught, The Netherlands,
                  December 13-15, 2010, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6932
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Exploring Accumulative Query Expansion for Relevance
                  Feedback},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {313--318},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-23577-1_29},
  editor = {Shlomo Geva and Jaap Kamps and Ralf Schenkel and Andrew
                  Trotman},
  booktitle = {Comparative Evaluation of Focused Retrieval - 9th
                  International Workshop of the Inititative for the Evaluation
                  of XML Retrieval, INEX 2010, Vught, The Netherlands,
                  December 13-15, 2010, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6932
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011c,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Walid Magdy and
                  Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Patent query reduction using pseudo relevance feedback},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {1953--1956},
  doi = {10.1145/2063576.2063863},
  editor = {Craig Macdonald and Iadh Ounis and Ian Ruthven},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 20th ACM Conference on Information and
                  Knowledge Management, CIKM 2011, Glasgow, United Kingdom,
                  October 24-28, 2011},
  publisher = {ACM}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011d,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Simulation of Within-Session Query Variations Using a Text
                  Segmentation Approach},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {89--94},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-23708-9_11},
  editor = {Pamela Forner and Julio Gonzalo and Jaana Kek{\"a}l{\"a}inen
                  and Mounia Lalmas and Maarten de Rijke},
  booktitle = {Multilingual and Multimodal Information Access Evaluation -
                  Second International Conference of the Cross-Language
                  Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
                  September 19-22, 2011. Proceedings},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6941
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011f,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Utilizing sub-topical structure of documents for information
                  retrieval},
  year = 2011,
  booktitle = {4th workshop for Ph.D. students in Information and Knowledge
                  Management (PIKM 2011) at CIKM 2011, 28. Oct. 2011},
  address = {Glasgow, Scotland}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011g,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {United we fall, divided we stand: {A} study of query
                  segmentation and {PRF} for patent prior art search},
  booktitle = {4th International Workshop on Patent Information Retrieval
                  (PaIR'11) at CIKM 2011, 24. Oct. 2011},
  address = {Glasgow, Scotland},
  year = 2011
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2011h,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Keith Curtis and
                  Wei Li and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Overview of the Personalized and Collaborative Information
                  Retrieval ({PIR}) Track at {FIRE}-2011},
  booktitle = {FIRE 2011, 3rd Workshop of the Forum for Information
                  Retrieval Evaluation, 2-4 December, IIT Bombay},
  pages = {164--174},
  year = 2011
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2012,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {{DCU@INEX}-2012: {E}xploring Sentence Retrieval for Tweet
                  Contextualization},
  url = {http://www.clef-initiative.eu/documents/71612/914a78cc-d5e7-4994-882a-76751b830322},
  editor = {Pamela Forner and Jussi Karlgren and Christa Womser-Hacker},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2012 Evaluation Labs and Workshop, Online Working
                  Notes, Rome, Italy, September 17-20, 2012},
  year = 2012
}
@inbook{ganguly_leveling_etal2012a,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  annote = {editor = Mohammad A. Karim},
  title = {Technical challenges and design issues in Bangla language
                  processing},
  chapter = {{B}engali ({B}angla) Information Retrieval},
  publisher = {IGI Global},
  url = {http://www.igi-global.com/chapter/bengali-bangla-information-retrieval/78479},
  year = 2013
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2012b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Topical Relevance Models},
  volume = 7675,
  pages = {326-335},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-35341-3_28},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2012,
  editor = {Yuexian Hou and Jian-Yun Nie and Le Sun and Bo Wang and Peng
                  Zhang},
  booktitle = {Information Retrieval Technology, 8th Asia Information
                  Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2012, Tianjin, China,
                  December 17-19, 2012. Proceedings},
  note = {(Best Poster Award)}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2012c,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Cross-Lingual Topical Relevance Models},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of COLING 2012},
  month = {December},
  year = 2012,
  address = {Mumbai, India},
  publisher = {The COLING 2012 Organizing Committee},
  pages = {927--942},
  url = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/C12-1057}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2012d,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {{DCU}@{FIRE} 2012: {R}ule-based stemmers for {B}engali and
                  {H}indi},
  booktitle = {FIRE 2012, Fourth Workshop of the Forum for Information
                  Retrieval Evaluation},
  pages = {37--42},
  year = 2012,
  address = {Kolkata, India},
  publisher = {ISI}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2013,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth Jones},
  title = {A Case Study in Decompounding for Bengali Information
                  Retrieval},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-40802-1_14},
  year = 2013,
  series = {LNCS},
  publisher = {Springer},
  editor = {Pamela Forner and Henning M{\"u}ller and Roberto Paredes and
                  Paolo Rosso and Benno Stein},
  booktitle = {Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality,
                  Multimodality, and Visualization - 4th International
                  Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2013, Valencia,
                  Spain, September 23-26, 2013. Proceedings},
  volume = 8138
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2013b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {An {LDA}-smoothed Relevance Model for Document Expansion:
                  {A} Case Study for Spoken Document Retrieval},
  year = 2013,
  pages = {1057-1060},
  doi = {10.1145/2484028.2484110},
  editor = {Gareth J. F. Jones and Paraic Sheridan and Diane Kelly and
                  Maarten de Rijke and Tetsuya Sakai},
  booktitle = {The 36th International ACM SIGIR conference on research and
                  development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR '13, Dublin,
                  Ireland - July 28 - August 01, 2013},
  publisher = {ACM}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_etal2014,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Retrieval of similar chess positions},
  editor = {Shlomo Geva and Andrew Trotman and Peter Bruza and Charles
                  L. A. Clarke and Kalervo J{\"{a}}rvelin},
  booktitle = {The 37th International {ACM} {SIGIR} Conference on Research
                  and Development in Information Retrieval, {SIGIR} '14, Gold
                  Coast , QLD, Australia - July 06 - 11, 2014},
  publisher = {ACM},
  pages = {687--696},
  year = 2014,
  doi = {10.1145/2600428.2609605}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_jones2010b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Automatic Generation of Query Sessions using Text
                  Segmentation},
  booktitle = {SIR'11: Information Retrieval Over Query Sessions, Workshop
                  of the 33rd Annual European BCS-IRSG Conference on
                  Information Retrieval},
  year = 2011
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_jones2011,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Query Expansion for Language Modeling using Sentence
                  Similarities},
  editor = {Allan Hanbury and Andreas Rauber and Arjen {de Vries}},
  booktitle = {Second Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2011,
                  Vienna, Austria, June 6, 2011},
  year = 2011,
  volume = 6653,
  pages = {62-77},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-21353-3_6},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  publisher = {Springer}
}
@inproceedings{ganguly_leveling_jones2011b,
  author = {Debasis Ganguly and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Towards Evaluation of Personalized and Collaborative
                  Information Retrieval},
  booktitle = {The First Workshop on Personalised Multilingual Hypertext
                  Retrieval (PMHR 2011)},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {42--49}
}
@inproceedings{ghorab_leveling_etal2010,
  author = {M. Rami Ghorab and Johannes Leveling and Dong Zhou and
                  Gareth J. F. Jones and Vincent Wade},
  title = {Identifying Common User Behaviour in Multilingual Search
                  Logs},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-15754-7_63},
  pages = {518--525},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Giorgio Maria Di Nunzio and Mikko Kurimo
                  and Djamel Mostefa and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Giovanna Roda},
  booktitle = {Multilingual Information Access Evaluation I. Text Retrieval
                  Experiments, 10th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 30 - October 2,
                  2009, Revised Selected Papers},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6241,
  year = 2010,
  publisher = {Springer}
}
@inproceedings{ghorab_leveling_etal2011,
  author = {Rami Ghorab and Johannes Leveling and S\'{e}amus Lawless and
                  Dong Zhou and Alexander O'Connor and Gareth J. F. Jones and
                  Vincent Wade},
  title = {Multilingual Adaptive Search for Digital Libraries},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {244--251},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-24469-8_26},
  editor = {Stefan Gradmann and Francesca Borri and Carlo Meghini and
                  Heiko Schuldt},
  booktitle = {Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries -
                  International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital
                  Libraries, TPDL 2011, Berlin, Germany, September 26-28,
                  2011. Proceedings},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6966
}
@inproceedings{gloeckner_hartrumpf_etal06,
  author = {Ingo Gl{\"o}ckner and Sven Hartrumpf and Hermann Helbig and
                  Johannes Leveling and Rainer Osswald},
  title = {An Architecture for Rating and Controlling Text Readability},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of KONVENS 2006},
  year = 2006,
  pages = {32--35},
  address = {Konstanz, Germany},
  month = oct,
  url = {http://www.ub.uni-konstanz.de/kops/volltexte/2006/2013/},
  annote = {ISBN 3-89318-050-8}
}
@inproceedings{gloeckner_hartrumpf_etal07,
  author = {Ingo Gl{\"o}ckner and Sven Hartrumpf and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Logical Validation, Answer Merging and Witness Selection --
                  A Case Study in Multi-Stream Question Answering},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of RIAO 2007 (Recherche d'Information
                  Assist{\'e}e par Ordinateur -- Computer assisted information
                  retrieval), Large-Scale Semantic Access to Content (Text,
                  Image, Video and Sound) },
  year = 2007,
  address = {Pittsburgh, USA},
  publisher = {Le Centre de Hautes Etudes Internationales d'informatique
                  Documentaire -- CID},
  annote = {url
                  {http://pi7.fernuni-hagen.de/papers/gloeckner_hartrumpf_etal07.pdf}},
  url = {http://riao.free.fr/old_riao-2007/papers/65.pdf}
}
@article{gloeckner_hartrumpf_etal07b,
  author = {Ingo Gl{\"o}ckner and Sven Hartrumpf and Hermann Helbig and
                  Johannes Leveling and Rainer Osswald},
  title = {Automatic Semantic Analysis for {NLP} Applications},
  journal = {Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Sprachwissenschaft},
  year = 2007,
  volume = 26,
  number = 2,
  pages = {241--266},
  publisher = {Walter {de Gruyter}},
  issn = {0721-9067},
  doi = {10.1515/ZFS.2007.019}
}
@inproceedings{goeuriot_chapman_etal2014,
  author = {Lorraine Goeuriot and Wendy Chapman and Gareth JF Jones and
                  Liadh Kelly and Johannes Leveling and Sanna Salanter{\"a}},
  title = {Building realistic potential patients queries for medical
                  information retrieval evaluation},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the LREC workshop on Building and Evaluating
                  Resources for Health and Biomedical Text Processing,
                  {BioTxtM} 2014},
  year = 2014
}
@inproceedings{goeuriot_jones_etal2013,
  author = {Lorraine Goeuriot and Gareth J.F. Jones and Liadh Kelly and
                  Johannes Leveling and Allan Hanbury and Henning M{\"u}ller
                  and Sanna Salanter{\"a} and Hanna Suominen and Guido Zuccon},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2013 Working Notes},
  title = {{S}h{AR}e/{CLEF} e{H}ealth {E}valuation {L}ab 2013, {T}ask
                  3: {I}nformation Retrieval to Address Patients' Questions
                  when Reading Clinical Reports},
  year = 2013
}
@inproceedings{goeuriot_kelly_etal2013,
  author = {Lorraine Goeuriot and Liadh Kelly and Gareth J. F. Jones and
                  Guido Zuccon and Hanna Suominen and Allan Hanbury and
                  Henning M{\"u}ller and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Creation of a New Medical Information Retrieval Evaluation
                  Benchmark Targeting Patients Needs},
  booktitle = {EVIA 2013 -- The Fifth International Workshop on Evaluating
                  Information Access (EVIA 2013), a Satellite Workshop of the
                  NTCIR-10 Conference},
  url = {http://research.nii.ac.jp/ntcir/workshop/OnlineProceedings10/pdf/EVIA/06-EVIA2013-GoeuriotL.pdf},
  year = 2013
}
@inproceedings{goeuriot_kelly_etal2014,
  author = {Lorraine Goeuriot and Liadh Kelly and Johannes Leveling },
  title = {An Analysis of Query Difficulty for Information Retrieval in
                  the Medical Domain},
  pages = {1007--1010},
  year = 2014,
  editor = {Shlomo Geva and Andrew Trotman and Peter Bruza and Charles
                  L. A. Clarke and Kalervo J{\"{a}}rvelin},
  booktitle = {The 37th International {ACM} {SIGIR} Conference on Research
                  and Development in Information Retrieval, {SIGIR} '14, Gold
                  Coast , QLD, Australia - July 06 - 11, 2014},
  publisher = {ACM},
  doi = {10.1145/2600428.2609496}
}
@inproceedings{hartrumpf_gloeckner_etal2008,
  author = {Sven Hartrumpf and Ingo Gl{\"o}ckner and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Coreference Resolution for Questions and Answer Merging by
                  Validation},
  year = 2008,
  pages = {269--272},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-85760-0_32},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Valentin Jijkoun and Thomas Mandl and
                  Henning M{\"u}ller and Douglas W. Oard and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as
                  and Vivien Petras and Diana Santos},
  booktitle = {Advances in Multilingual and Multimodal Information
                  Retrieval, 8th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 19-21, 2007,
                  Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 5152
}
@inproceedings{hartrumpf_gloeckner_etal2009,
  author = {Sven Hartrumpf and Ingo Gl{\"o}ckner and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {{E}fficient Question Answering with Question Decomposition
                  and Multiple Answer Streams},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Thomas Deselaers and Nicola Ferro and Julio
                  Gonzalo and Gareth J. F. Jones and Mikko Kurimo and Thomas
                  Mandl and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Vivien Petras},
  booktitle = {Evaluating Systems for Multilingual and Multimodal
                  Information Access: 9th Workshop of the Cross-Language
                  Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2008, Aarhus, Denmark, September
                  17-19, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  pages = {421--428},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 5706,
  year = 2009,
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-04447-2_49},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/f52rm236tt288pl0.pdf}
}
@article{hartrumpf_helbig_etal06b,
  author = {Sven Hartrumpf and Hermann Helbig and Johannes Leveling and
                  Rainer Osswald},
  title = {An Architecture for Controlling Simple Language in Web
                  Pages},
  journal = {eMinds: International Journal on Human-Computer Interaction},
  year = 2006,
  volume = 1,
  number = 2,
  pages = {93--112},
  month = dec
}
@incollection{hartrumpf_leveling07,
  author = {Sven Hartrumpf and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Interpretation and Normalization of Temporal Expressions for
                  Question Answering},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Paul Clough and Fredric C. Gey and Jussi
                  Karlgren and Bernardo Magnini and Douglas W. Oard and
                  Maarten {de Rijke} and Maximilian Stempfhuber},
  booktitle = {Evaluation of Multilingual and Multi-modal Information
                  Retrieval: 7th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2006, Alicante, Spain, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2007,
  volume = 4730,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {432--439},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-74999-8_51}
}
@incollection{hartrumpf_leveling07b,
  author = {Sven Hartrumpf and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Combining Approaches for Classifying Metonymy of Named
                  Locations},
  editor = {Jos{\'e} Neves and Manuel Filipe Santos and Jos{\'e} Manuel
                  Machado},
  booktitle = {New Trends in {A}rtificial {I}ntelligence},
  publisher = {Tipografia Tadinense},
  year = 2007,
  pages = {767--778},
  address = {Braga, Portugal},
  isbn = {978-989-95618-0-9},
  annote = { isbn 13-978-989-95618-0-9 Proceedings of the 13th
                  Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence (EPIA
                  2007), 2nd Workshop on Text Mining and Applications, at
                  Guimar\~{a}es, Portugal}
}
@inproceedings{hartrumpf_leveling2010,
  author = {Sven Hartrumpf and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Recursive Question Decomposition for Answering Complex
                  Geographic Questions},
  pages = {310--317},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-15754-7_36},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Giorgio Maria Di Nunzio and Mikko Kurimo
                  and Djamel Mostefa and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Giovanna Roda},
  booktitle = {Multilingual Information Access Evaluation I. Text Retrieval
                  Experiments, 10th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 30 - October 2,
                  2009, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6241,
  year = 2010
}
@inproceedings{helbig_gnoerlich_etal00,
  author = {Hermann Helbig and Carsten Gn{\"o}rlich and Johannes
                  Leveling},
  title = {Nat{\"u}rlichsprachlicher {Z}ugang zu
                  {I}nformationsanbietern im {I}nternet und zu lokalen
                  {D}atenbanken},
  editor = {Klaus-Dirk Schmitz},
  booktitle = {Sprachtechnologie f{\"u}r eine dynamische Wirtschaft im
                  Medienzeitalter},
  year = 2000,
  pages = {79--94},
  address = {Wien, Austria},
  publisher = {TermNet}
}
@inproceedings{hogan_leveling_etal2011,
  author = {Deirdre Hogan and Johannes Leveling and Hongyi Wang and Paul
                  Ferguson and Cathal Gurrin},
  title = {{DCU@FIRE} 2011: {SMS}-based {FAQ} Retrieval},
  booktitle = {FIRE 2011, 3rd Workshop of the Forum for Information
                  Retrieval Evaluation, 2-4 December, IIT Bombay},
  pages = {34--42},
  year = 2011
}
@incollection{koestlbacher_leveling_etal2009,
  author = {Anton K{\"o}stlbacher and Johannes Leveling and Thomas Mandl
                  and Vivien Petras and Christa Womser-Hacker},
  title = {Mehrsprachigkeit in {I}nformationssystemen:
                  Herausforderungen und {L}{\"o}sungsans{\"a}tze},
  booktitle = {Schl{\"u}sselqualifikation Sprache, Anforderungen --
                  Standards -- Vermittlung},
  pages = {119--136},
  publisher = {Peter Lang, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften},
  year = 2009,
  editor = {Friedrich Lenz},
  volume = 50,
  series = {forum Angewandte Linguistik}
}
@incollection{kruschwitz_albakour_etal2011,
  author = {Udo Kruschwitz and M-Dyaa Albakour and Jinzhong Niu and
                  Johannes Leveling and Nikolaos Nanas and Yunhyong Kim and
                  Dawei Song and Maria Fasli and Anne De Roeck},
  title = {Moving towards Adaptive Search in Digital Libraries},
  booktitle = {Advanced Language Technologies for Digital Libraries},
  volume = 6699,
  pages = {41--60},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2011
}
@incollection{leveling04,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {University of {H}agen at {CLEF} 2003: Natural Language
                  Access to the {GIRT4} Data},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Julio Gonzalo and Martin Braschler and
                  Michael Kluck},
  booktitle = {Comparative Evaluation of Multilingual Information Access
                  Systems: 4th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2003},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2004,
  volume = 3237,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {412--424},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-30222-3_40},
  url = {http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0302-9743&volume=3237&spage=412}
}
@inproceedings{leveling04a,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Feedback Mechanisms for a Natural Language Interface: An
                  Application of the Critic Paradigm},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of RIAO 2004 (Recherche d'Information
                  Assist{\'e}e par Ordinateur -- Computer assisted information
                  retrieval)},
  year = 2004,
  pages = {431--446},
  address = {Avignon, France},
  month = apr,
  publisher = {Le Centre de Hautes Etudes Internationales d'informatique
                  Documentaire -- CID},
  url = {http://www.riao.org/Proceedings-2004/papers/0491.pdf},
  isbn = {2905450-09-6}
}
@book{leveling06,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Formale Interpretation von Nutzeranfragen f{\"u}r
                  nat{\"u}rlichsprachliche Interfaces zu Informationsangeboten
                  im Internet},
  publisher = {Der andere Verlag, T{\"o}nning, Germany},
  year = 2006,
  isbn = {3-89959-563-7}
}
@phdthesis{leveling06a,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Formale Interpretation von Nutzeranfragen f{\"u}r
                  nat{\"u}rlichsprachliche Interfaces zu Informationsangeboten
                  im Internet},
  school = {Fachbereich Informatik, FernUniversit{\"a}t in Hagen},
  year = 2006,
  type = {Dissertation},
  note = {Also appears in: Der andere Verlag, T{\"o}nning, Germany,
                  2006}
}
@incollection{leveling06b,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {A Baseline for {NLP} in Domain-Specific Information
                  Retrieval},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Fredric C. Gey and Julio Gonzalo and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones and Michael Kluck and Bernardo Magnini and
                  Henning M{\"u}ller and Maarten {de Rijke}},
  booktitle = {Accessing Multilingual Information Repositories: 6th
                  Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2005,
                  Vienna, Austria, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2006,
  volume = 4022,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {222--225},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/11878773_26}
}
@incollection{leveling06d,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {On the Role of Information Retrieval in the Question
                  Answering System {IRSAW}},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the LWA 2006 (Learning, Knowledge, and
                  Adaptability), Workshop Information Retrieval},
  publisher = {Universit{\"a}t Hildesheim},
  year = 2006,
  pages = {119--125},
  address = {Hildesheim, Germany},
  url = {http://web1.bib.uni-hildesheim.de/2006/fgir2006/Leveling.pdf},
  annote = {ISSN 0941-3014, Gesellschaft f{\"u}r Informatik, Fachgruppe
                  Information Retrieval},
  editors = {Martin Schaaf and Klaus-Dieter Althoff}
}
@inproceedings{leveling07,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {{IRSAW} -- Towards Semantic Annotation of Documents for
                  Question Answering},
  booktitle = {CNI Spring 2007 Task Force Meeting},
  publisher = {CNI},
  year = 2007,
  address = {Phoenix, Arizona},
  month = apr,
  url = {http://www.cni.org/tfms/2007a.spring/abstracts/PB-irsaw-leveling.html}
}
@inproceedings{leveling07b,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {{FUH} ({F}ern{U}niversit{\"a}t in {H}agen): Metonymy
                  Recognition Using Different Kinds of Context for a
                  Memory-Based Learner},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of SemEval I},
  year = 2007,
  pages = {153--156},
  address = {Prague, Czech Republic},
  url = {http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/W/W07/W07-2031.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{leveling07c,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Exploring Term Selection for Geographic Blind Feedback},
  year = 2007,
  pages = {43--48},
  doi = {10.1145/1316948.1316961},
  editor = {Ross Purves and Chris Jones},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 4th ACM Workshop On Geographic
                  Information Retrieval, GIR 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, November
                  9, 2007}
}
@incollection{leveling07d,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {A Modified Information Retrieval Approach to Produce Answer
                  Candidates for Question Answering},
  editor = {Alexander Hinneburg},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the LWA 2007 (Lernen-Wissen-Adaption),
                  Workshop FGIR},
  publisher = {Gesellschaft f{\"u}r Informatik},
  year = 2007,
  address = {Halle/Saale, Germany},
  isbn = {978-3-86010-907-6}
}
@incollection{leveling07e,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Reranking Documents with Antagonistic Terms},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Paul Clough and Fredric C. Gey and Jussi
                  Karlgren and Bernardo Magnini and Douglas W. Oard and
                  Maarten {de Rijke} and Maximilian Stempfhuber},
  booktitle = {Evaluation of Multilingual and Multi-modal Information
                  Retrieval: 7th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2006, Alicante, Spain, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2007,
  volume = 4730,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {170--173},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-74999-8_24}
}
@inproceedings{leveling2008,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Improving Response Time for Question Answering},
  year = 2008,
  pages = {103--106},
  editor = {Joachim Baumeister and Martin Atzm{\"u}ller},
  booktitle = {LWA 2008 - Workshop-Woche: Lernen, Wissen {\&}
                  Adaptivit{\"a}t, W{\"u}rzburg, Germany, October 6-8},
  publisher = {Department of Computer Science, University of W{\"u}rzburg,
                  Germany},
  address = {W{\"u}rzburg, Germany},
  url = {http://ki.informatik.uni-wuerzburg.de/papers/baumeister/2008/LWA2008-Proc.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{leveling2009,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {A comparison of sub-word indexing methods for information
                  retrieval},
  booktitle = {LWA 2009 - Workshop-Woche: Lernen - Wissen -
                  Adaptivit{\"a}t, Darmstadt, Germany, September 21-23},
  editor = {Melanie Hartmann and Frederick Janssen},
  publisher = {Gesellschaft f{\"u}r Informatik},
  url = {http://www.ke.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/publications/reports/LWA09_Proceedings.pdf},
  pages = {52--59},
  year = 2009,
  address = {Darmstadt, Germany},
  annote = {TR TUD-CS-2009-0157}
}
@inproceedings{leveling2010,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Unnamed Locations, Underspecified Regions, and Other
                  Linguistic Phenomena in Geographic Annotation of Water-based
                  Locations},
  booktitle = {GIR '10: Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Geographic
                  Information Retrieval, 18-19th Feb. 2010, Zurich,
                  Switzerland},
  year = 2010,
  pages = {1--3},
  location = {Zurich, Switzerland},
  publisher = {ACM},
  address = {New York, NY, USA},
  doi = {10.1145/1722080.1722084}
}
@inproceedings{leveling2010b,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {A comparative analysis: {QA} evaluation questions versus
                  real-world queries},
  booktitle = {LREC 2010 Workshop on Web Logs and Question Answering (WLQA
                  2010)},
  year = 2010,
  pages = {16--22},
  url = {http://www.csis.ul.ie/wlqa2010/wlqa_lrec2010_proceedings.pdf},
  address = {Valletta, Malta}
}
@article{leveling2011,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Challenges for Indexing in {GIR}},
  journal = {The SIGSPATIAL Special},
  year = 2011,
  volume = 3,
  number = 2,
  pages = {29--32},
  url = {http://www.sigspatial.org/sigspatial-special-issues/SIGSPATIALSpecialVol3Num2Jul2011.pdf},
  doi = {10.1145/2047296.2047303},
  month = {July}
}
@inproceedings{leveling2012,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {On the Effect of Stopword Removal for {SMS}-Based {FAQ}
                  Retrieval},
  pages = {128--139},
  editor = {Gosse Bouma and Ashwin Ittoo and Elisabeth M{\'e}tais and
                  Hans Wortmann},
  booktitle = {Natural Language Processing and Information Systems - 17th
                  International Conference on Applications of Natural Language
                  to Information Systems, NLDB 2012, Groningen, The
                  Netherlands, June 26-28, 2012. Proceedings},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 7337,
  year = 2012
}
@inproceedings{leveling2012b,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {{DCU}@{FIRE} 2012: {M}onolingual and Crosslingual
                  {SMS}-based {FAQ} retrieval},
  booktitle = {FIRE 2012, Fourth Workshop of the Forum for Information
                  Retrieval Evaluation},
  pages = {37--42},
  year = 2012,
  address = {Kolkata, India},
  publisher = {ISI}
}
@inproceedings{leveling2013,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Interpretation of Coordinations, Compound Generation, and
                  Result Fusion for Query Variants},
  pages = {805-808},
  doi = {10.1145/2484028.2484115},
  year = 2013,
  editor = {Gareth J. F. Jones and Paraic Sheridan and Diane Kelly and
                  Maarten de Rijke and Tetsuya Sakai},
  booktitle = {The 36th International ACM SIGIR conference on research and
                  development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR '13, Dublin,
                  Ireland - July 28 - August 01, 2013},
  publisher = {ACM}
}
@mastersthesis{leveling98,
  author = {Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Evaluation von {M}ultithreading in {A}rchitekturen mit
                  unterschiedlichen {S}peichermodellen},
  school = {Carl-von-Ossietzky Universit{\"a}t Oldenburg, Abteilung
                  Rechnerarchitekturen},
  year = 1998,
  type = {Diplomarbeit},
  month = mar
}
@inproceedings{leveling_dinunzio_etal2011,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Giorgio Maria {di Nunzio} and Thomas
                  Mandl},
  title = {{LogCLEF}: Enabling Research on Multilingual Log Files},
  booktitle = {The First Workshop on Personalised Multilingual Hypertext
                  Retrieval (PMHR 2011)},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {55--56}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_ganguli_jones2010,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Debasis Ganguly and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {{DCU}@{FIRE}2010: {T}erm conflation, blind relevance
                  feedback, and cross-language {IR} with manual and automatic
                  query translation},
  booktitle = {Second Workshop of the {F}orum for {I}nformation {R}etrieval
                  {E}valuation (FIRE 2010), Working Notes},
  pages = {39--44},
  url = {http://www.isical.ac.in/~fire/paper_2010/JohannesLeveling-DCU-fire2010.pdf},
  year = 2010
}
@inproceedings{leveling_ganguly_etal2012,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Debasis Ganguly and Sandipan Dandapat
                  and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Approximate Sentence Retrieval for Scalable and Efficient
                  Example-Based Machine Translation},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of COLING 2012},
  month = {December},
  year = 2012,
  address = {Mumbai, India},
  publisher = {The COLING 2012 Organizing Committee},
  pages = {1571--1586},
  url = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/C12-1096}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_ghorab_etal2010,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Rami Ghorab and Walid Magdy and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones and Vincent Wade},
  title = {{DCU-TCD}@{LogCLEF 2010}: Re-ranking Document Collections
                  and Query Performance Estimation},
  editor = {Martin Braschler and Donna Harman and Emanuele Pianta},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2010 LABs and Workshops, Notebook Papers, 22-23
                  September 2010, Padua, Italy},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://clef2010.org/resources/proceedings/clef2010labs_submission_77.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_goeuriot_etal2012,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Lorraine Goeuriot and Liadh Kelly and
                  Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {{DCU}@{TRECM}ed 2012: {U}sing ad-hoc baselines for
                  domain-specific retrieval},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of TREC 2012},
  year = 2012,
  publisher = {NIST}
}
@incollection{leveling_hartrump08,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf},
  title = {Inferring Location Names for Geographic Information
                  Retrieval},
  year = 2008,
  pages = {773--780},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-85760-0_97},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Valentin Jijkoun and Thomas Mandl and
                  Henning M{\"u}ller and Douglas W. Oard and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as
                  and Vivien Petras and Diana Santos},
  booktitle = {Advances in Multilingual and Multimodal Information
                  Retrieval, 8th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 19-21, 2007,
                  Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 5152
}
@incollection{leveling_hartrumpf05,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf},
  title = {University of {H}agen at {CLEF} 2004: Indexing and
                  Translating Concepts for the {GIRT} Task},
  editor = {C. Peters and P. Clough and J. Gonzalo and G. J. F. Jones
                  and M. Kluck and B. Magnini},
  booktitle = {Multilingual Information Access for Text, Speech and Images:
                  5th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF
                  2004},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2005,
  volume = 3491,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {271--282},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/11519645_28}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_hartrumpf06,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf},
  title = {On Metonymy Recognition for {GIR}},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of GIR-2006, the 3rd Workshop on Geographical
                  Information Retrieval (hosted by SIGIR 2006)},
  year = 2006,
  address = {Seattle, Washington},
  url = {http://www.geo.unizh.ch/~rsp/gir06/papers/individual/leveling.pdf}
}
@article{leveling_hartrumpf08a,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf},
  title = {On metonymy recognition for geographic information
                  retrieval},
  journal = {International Journal of Geographical Information Science},
  volume = 22,
  number = 3,
  year = 2008,
  pages = {289--299},
  doi = {10.1080/13658810701626244}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_hartrumpf2009,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf},
  title = {Integrating Methods from {IR} and {QA} for Geographic
                  Information Retrieval},
  booktitle = {Evaluating Systems for Multilingual and Multimodal
                  Information Access: 9th Workshop of the Cross-Language
                  Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2008, Aarhus, Denmark, September
                  17-19, Revised Selected Papers},
  year = 2009,
  editor = {Carol Peters and Thomas Deselaers and Nicola Ferro and Julio
                  Gonzalo and Gareth J. F. Jones and Mikko Kurimo and Thomas
                  Mandl and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Vivien Petras},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 5706,
  pages = {865--868},
  publisher = {Springer},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-04447-2_111},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/n3822735k524126t.pdf},
  annote = {851--854?}
}
@incollection{leveling_hartrumpf_etal06,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf and Dirk Veiel},
  title = {Using Semantic Networks for Geographic Information
                  Retrieval},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Fredric C. Gey and Julio Gonzalo and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones and Michael Kluck and Bernardo Magnini and
                  Henning M{\"u}ller and Maarten {de Rijke}},
  booktitle = {Accessing Multilingual Information Repositories: 6th
                  Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2005,
                  Vienna, Austria, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2006,
  volume = 4022,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {977--986},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/11878773_109}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_hartrumpf_etal07,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Sven Hartrumpf and Rainer Osswald},
  title = {Semantic Analysis and Concept-Based Translation for
                  Multilingual Information Systems},
  editor = {Friedrich Lenz},
  booktitle = {38. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft f{\"ur} Angewandte
                  Linguistik, Schl{\"u}sselqualifikation Sprache,
                  Anforderungen -- Standards -- Vermittlung},
  publisher = {Gesellschaft f{\"u}r Angewandte Linguistik},
  year = 2007,
  pages = {68--69},
  address = {Hildesheim, Germany},
  note = {Printed Abstracts},
  annote = {26.09. - 28.09.2007}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_helbig02,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Hermann Helbig},
  title = {A Robust Natural Language Interface for Access to
                  Bibliographic Databases},
  editor = {Nagib Callaos and Maurice Margenstern and Belkis Sanchez},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 6th World Multiconference on Systemics,
                  Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI 2002)},
  year = 2002,
  volume = {XI},
  pages = {133--138},
  address = {Orlando, Florida},
  month = jul,
  organization = {International Institute of Informatics and Systemics (IIIS)}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_helbig06,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Hermann Helbig},
  title = {Das {NLI-Z39.50} -- {N}at{\"u}rlichsprachliche
                  {I}nformationssuche zur {V}erbesserung der
                  {L}iteraturrecherche},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of KONVENS 2006},
  year = 2006,
  pages = {97--100},
  address = {Konstanz, Germany},
  month = oct,
  isbn = {3-89318-050-8}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_jones2010a,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Classifying and Filtering Blind Feedback Terms to Improve
                  Information Retrieval Effectiveness},
  booktitle = {RIAO'2010: Adaptivity, Personalisation and Fusion of
                  Heterogeneous Information, 28-30 April 2010, Paris, France},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1937096{\&}CFID=17354760{\&}CFTOKEN=88565769},
  publisher = {Le Centre de Hautes Etudes Internationales d'informatique
                  Documentaire -- CID}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_jones2010b,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Query recovery of short user queries: {O}n query expansion
                  with stopwords},
  pages = {733-734},
  doi = {10.1145/1835449.1835589},
  editor = {Fabio Crestani and St{\'e}phane Marchand-Maillet and
                  Hsin-Hsi Chen and Efthimis N. Efthimiadis and Jacques Savoy},
  booktitle = {Proceeding of the 33rd International ACM SIGIR Conference on
                  Research and Development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR
                  2010, Geneva, Switzerland, July 19-23, 2010},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year = 2010
}
@inproceedings{leveling_jones2010c,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {{HITS} and Misses: Combining {BM25} with {HITS} for Expert
                  Search},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2010 LABs and Workshops, Notebook Papers, 22-23
                  September 2010, Padua, Italy},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://clef2010.org/resources/proceedings/clef2010labs_submission_47.pdf}
}
@article{leveling_jones2010d,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Sub-word Indexing and Blind Relevance Feedback for
                  {E}nglish, {B}engali, {H}indi, and {M}arathi {IR}},
  journal = {ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing
                  (TALIP)},
  volume = 9,
  number = 3,
  year = 2010,
  month = {September},
  doi = {10.1145/1838745.1838749},
  publisher = {ACM},
  address = {New York, NY, USA}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_jones2011,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Same Query -- {D}ifferent Results? {A} Study of Repeat
                  Queries in Search Sessions},
  booktitle = {ECIR Workshop on Session Information Retrieval},
  year = 2011
}
@inproceedings{leveling_jones2012a,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Making results fit into 40 characters: a study in document
                  rewriting},
  pages = {1107--1108},
  doi = {10.1145/2348283.2348492},
  editor = {William R. Hersh and Jamie Callan and Yoelle Maarek and Mark
                  Sanderson},
  booktitle = {The 35th International ACM SIGIR conference on research and
                  development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR '12, Portland,
                  OR, USA, August 12-16, 2012},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year = 2012
}
@inproceedings{leveling_magdy_jones2011,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Walid Magdy and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {An Investigation of Decompounding for Cross-Language Patent
                  Search},
  year = 2011,
  pages = {1169--1170},
  doi = {10.1145/2009916.2010103},
  editor = {Wei-Ying Ma and Jian-Yun Nie and Ricardo A. Baeza-Yates and
                  Tat-Seng Chua and W. Bruce Croft},
  booktitle = {Proceeding of the 34th International ACM SIGIR Conference on
                  Research and Development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR
                  2011, Beijing, China, July 25-29, 2011},
  publisher = {ACM}
}
@incollection{leveling_veiel07,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Dirk Veiel},
  title = {Experiments on the Exclusion of Metonymic Location Names
                  from {GIR}},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Paul Clough and Fredric C. Gey and Jussi
                  Karlgren and Bernardo Magnini and Douglas W. Oard and
                  Maarten {de Rijke} and Maximilian Stempfhuber},
  booktitle = {Evaluation of Multilingual and Multi-modal Information
                  Retrieval: 7th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2006, Alicante, Spain, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = 2007,
  volume = 4730,
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  pages = {901--904},
  address = {Berlin},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-74999-8_114}
}
@inproceedings{leveling_zhou_jones_wade2010,
  author = {Johannes Leveling and Dong Zhou and Gareth J. F. Jones and
                  Vincent Wade},
  title = {Document Expansion, Query Translation and Language Modeling
                  for Ad-Hoc IR},
  pages = {58--61},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-15754-7_5},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Giorgio Maria Di Nunzio and Mikko Kurimo
                  and Djamel Mostefa and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Giovanna Roda},
  booktitle = {Multilingual Information Access Evaluation I. Text Retrieval
                  Experiments, 10th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 30 - October 2,
                  2009, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6241,
  year = 2010
}
@inproceedings{magdy_leveling_jones2010,
  author = {Walid Magdy and Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {{E}xploring Structured Documents and Query Formulation
                  Techniques for Patent Retrieval},
  pages = {410--417},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-15754-7_48},
  year = 2010,
  editor = {Carol Peters and Giorgio Maria Di Nunzio and Mikko Kurimo
                  and Djamel Mostefa and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Giovanna Roda},
  booktitle = {Multilingual Information Access Evaluation I. Text Retrieval
                  Experiments, 10th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 30 - October 2,
                  2009, Revised Selected Papers},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6241
}
@inproceedings{magdy_min_etal2010,
  author = {Walid Magdy and Jinming Min and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones},
  title = {Building a Domain-specific Document Collection for
                  Evaluating Metadata Effects on Information Retrieval},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Seventh conference on International
                  Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10), May 19-21,
                  Valletta, Malta},
  year = 2010,
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari and Khalid Choukri and Bente Maegaard
                  and Joseph Mariani and Jan Odjik and Stelios Piperidis and
                  Mike Rosner and Daniel Tapias},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  pages = {1368--1373},
  url = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2010/pdf/353_Paper.pdf},
  isbn = {2-9517408-6-7}
}
@inproceedings{min_jiang_etal2010,
  author = {Jinming Min and Jie Jiang and Johannes Leveling and Gareth
                  J.F. Jones and Andy Way},
  title = {{DCU}'s Experiments for the {NTCIR-8} {IR4QA} Task},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 8th NTCIR Workshop Meeting on Evaluation
                  of Information Access Technologies: Information Retrieval,
                  Question Answering, and Cross-Lingual Information Access,
                  May 2009 - June 2010},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://research.nii.ac.jp/ntcir/workshop/OnlineProceedings8/NTCIR/08-NTCIR8-IR4QA-MinJ.pdf},
  address = {National Center of Science, Tokyo, Japan},
  isbn = {ISBN: 978-4-86049-053-9}
}
@inproceedings{min_leveling_etal2010,
  author = {Jinming Min and Johannes Leveling and Dong Zhou and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones },
  title = {Document Expansion for Image Retrieval },
  booktitle = {RIAO'2010: Adaptivity, Personalisation and Fusion of
                  Heterogeneous Information, 28-30 April 2010, Paris, France},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1937070{\&}CFID=17354760{\&}CFTOKEN=88565769},
  publisher = {Le Centre de Hautes Etudes Internationales d'informatique
                  Documentaire -- CID}
}
@inproceedings{min_leveling_etal2010b,
  author = {Jinming Min and Johannes Leveling and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Document Expansion for Text-based Image Retrieval at
                  {W}ikipedia{MM} 2010},
  booktitle = {CLEF 2010 LABs and Workshops, Notebook Papers, 22-23
                  September 2010, Padua, Italy},
  year = 2010,
  url = {http://clef2010.org/resources/proceedings/clef2010labs_submission_71.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{min_lopes_etal2012,
  author = {Jinming Min and Cristover Lopes and Johannes Leveling and
                  Dag Schmidtke and Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {Multi-platform image search using tag enrichment},
  pages = 1018,
  editor = {William R. Hersh and Jamie Callan and Yoelle Maarek and Mark
                  Sanderson},
  booktitle = {The 35th International ACM SIGIR conference on research and
                  development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR '12, Portland,
                  OR, USA, August 12-16, 2012},
  doi = {10.1145/2348283.2348443},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year = 2012
}
@inproceedings{min_wilkins_etal2010,
  author = {Jinming Min and Peter Wilkins and Johannes Leveling and
                  Gareth J. F. Jones},
  title = {{D}ocument expansion from {W}ikipedia abstracts},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Barbara Caputo and Julio Gonzalo and Gareth
                  J. F. Jones and Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer and Henning
                  M{\"u}ller and Theodora Tsikrika},
  booktitle = {Multilingual Information Access Evaluation II. Multimedia
                  Experiments, 10th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation
                  Forum, CLEF 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 30-October 2,
                  2009, Revised Selected Papers},
  pages = {172--176},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 6241,
  year = 2010,
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-15751-6_19},
  publisher = {Springer}
}
@inproceedings{nguyen_leveling2013,
  author = {Dat Tien Nguyen and Johannes Leveling},
  title = {Exploring domain-sensitive features for extractive
                  summarization in the medical domain},
  pages = {90--101},
  editors = {Elisabeth M{\'e}tais and Farid Meziane and Mohamad Saraee
                  and Vijayan Sugumaran and Sunil Vadera},
  booktitle = {Natural Language Processing and Information Systems - 18th
                  International Conference on Applications of Natural Language
                  to Information Systems, NLDB 2013, Salford, UK, June 2013,
                  Proceedings},
  publisher = {Springer},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 7934,
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-38824-8_8},
  year = 2013
}
@article{pecina_dusek_etal2014,
  author = {Pecina, Pavel and Du\v{s}ek, Ond\v{r}ej and Goeuriot,
                  Lorraine and Haji\v{c}, Jan and Hlav{\'a}\v{c}ov{\'a}, Jaroslava
                  and Jones, Gareth J.F. and Kelly, Liadh and Leveling,
                  Johannes and Mare\v{c}ek, David and Nov{\'a}k, Michal and
                  Popel, Martin and Rosa, Rudolf and Tamchyna, Ale\s{s} and
                  Ure\s{s}ov{\'a}, Zde\v{n}ka},
  title = {Adaptation of machine translation for multilingual
                  information retrieval in the medical domain},
  journal = {Artificial Intelligence in Medicine},
  year = 2014,
  doi = {10.1016/j.artmed.2014.01.004},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0933365714000062}
}
@inproceedings{santos_cardoso_etal2009,
  author = {Diana Santos and Nuno Cardoso and Paula Carvalho and Iustin
                  Dornescu and Sven Hartrumpf and Johannes Leveling and Yvonne
                  Skalban},
  title = {Giki{P} at {G}eo{CLEF} 2008: Joining {GIR} and {QA} forces
                  for querying {W}ikipedia},
  booktitle = {Evaluating Systems for Multilingual and Multimodal
                  Information Access: 9th Workshop of the Cross-Language
                  Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2008, Aarhus, Denmark, September
                  17-19, Revised Selected Papers},
  editor = {Carol Peters and Thomas Deselaers and Nicola Ferro and Julio
                  Gonzalo and Gareth J. F. Jones and Mikko Kurimo and Thomas
                  Mandl and Anselmo Pe{\~n}as and Vivien Petras},
  year = 2009,
  pages = {894--905},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)},
  volume = 5706,
  publisher = {Springer},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-04447-2_118},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/r081470r068wl808.pdf}
}
@inproceedings{suominen_salantera_etal2013,
  author = {Hanna Suominen and Sanna Salanter{\"a} and Sumithra
                  Velupillai and Wendy W. Chapman and Guergana Savova and
                  Noemie Elhadad and Sameer Pradhan and Brett R. South and
                  Danielle L. Mowery and Gareth J. F. Jones and Johannes
                  Leveling and Liadh Kelly and Lorraine Goeuriot and David
                  Martinez and Guido Zuccon},
  title = {Overview of the {S}h{AR}e/{CLEF} e{H}ealth {E}valuation
                  {L}ab 2013},
  pages = {212-231},
  doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-40802-1_24},
  year = 2013,
  editor = {Pamela Forner and Henning M{\"u}ller and Roberto Paredes and
                  Paolo Rosso and Benno Stein},
  booktitle = {Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality,
                  Multimodality, and Visualization - 4th International
                  Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2013, Valencia,
                  Spain, September 23-26, 2013. Proceedings},
  series = {LNCS},
  volume = 8138,
  publisher = {Springer}
}

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